Visualizing Individual & Household Incomes in Each U.S. State


4 min read

IPUMS CPS is a database that contains information on demographic and employment numbers for every U.S. state.

One particularly interesting table in this database contains the income percentiles for both individuals and households in every U.S. state. I thought it would be neat to download and visualize some of this data.

Note: Income is based on 2017 annual incomes since this is the most recent data available.

Visualizing Individual Incomes in Every U.S. State

The following chart shows the median annual income for individuals in each U.S. state:

Individual median income by state

Maryland leads the way with a median annual income of $48,429 for individuals while Mississippi and New Mexico bring up the bottom of the list with median annual incomes of just $32,000.

The following chart shows the annual income needed to be at the 90th income percentile for each state:

New Jersey just edges out Maryland for the top spot with an annual income  of $140,394 needed to be at the 90th percentile for individual income-earners.

Once again Mississippi ranks the lowest on the list with an annual individual income of just $83,007 needed to be at the 90th percentile.

What Percentage of Individuals Earn Over $50k? Over $100k?

The following table shows the percentage of individuals who earn over $50k in each state:

Maryland leads the way with 49% of individuals earning over $50k per year while Mississippi brings up the tail end with just 29% of individuals earning over $50k per year.

The following table shows the percentage of individuals who earn over $100k in each state:

How many people earn $100k or more in each U.S. state

It’s pretty incredible to see that over 1 in 5 individuals in Maryland earn over $100k per year while only about 1 in 14 individuals in West Virginia, South Dakota, and Nevada do so. And in Mississippi, only about 1 in 16 individuals earn $100k or more year.

Visualizing Household Incomes in Every U.S. State

Next up, here are some charts and tables that illustrate the exact same statistics as above, except these numbers are for households instead of individuals.

The following chart shows the median annual income for households in each U.S. state:

Median household income by state

Maryland leads the way with a median annual income of $80,518 while Mississippi brings up the bottom of the list with a median annual income of just $43,014.

The following chart shows the annual household income needed to be at the 90th income percentile for each state:

Income needed to be at the 90th percentile by state

Maryland takes the top spot with an annual household income  of $225,485 needed to be at the 90th percentile.

Once again Mississippi ranks the lowest on the list with an annual household income of just $120,065 needed to be at the 90th percentile.

What Percentage of Households Earn Over $50k? Over $100k?

The following table shows the percentage of households that earn over $50k in each state:

Percentage of households that earn over $50k per year

Maryland, Utah, and Colorado all leads the way with a whopping 67% of households earning over $50k per year while Mississippi brings up the tail end with just 44% of households earning over $50k per year.

The following table shows the percentage of households that earn over $100k in each state:

Percentage of households that earn over $100k per year

Maryland tops the list with 40% of households earning over $100k per year while Mississippi brings up the tail end with just 16% of households earning over $100k per year.

Thanks for reading 🙂


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